Ecosystem Services from Satoyama, Satochi, and Satoumi Landscapes (Part 1)
Japanese society has been facing new challenges to rebuild a nature-harmonious society under rapidly changing global contexts so as to sustainably reap the full rewards of natural resources without losing biodiversity. In particular, the enormous damages following the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, have forced behavioural and policy changes in natural resource use, and also have requisitely driven us to rethink the relationship between humans and nature. These changes have raised a pressing question about how to overcome the damages and re-develop a pathway for using and managing ecosystem services and biodiversity while increasing or sustaining the productivity of human activities including agriculture, forestry, and fishery.
The three-year research project of “Ecosystem Services Assessment of Satoyama, Satochi, and Satoumi to Identify a New Commons for a Nature-Harmonious Society,” supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (E-0902), has been undertaken since 2009. This research is intended to assess the ecosystem services derived from satoyama, satochi, and satoumi landscapes (socio-ecological production landscapes in Japan) and to propose modalities in managing biodiversity and ecosystem services as a new commons to finally provide policy options for realizing a nature-harmonious society.
The objectives of the symposium are to present the findings of this research project and to discuss modalities in which the ecosystem services from those landscapes can be used and managed on a sustainable basis under today’s globalized and changing world. In addition to the key research findings, this symposium will present international perspectives and insights on the ecosystem services from the Japanese landscapes. It will also look at the implications of the recent disaster and its impacts on the ecosystem services to explore policy options for a nature-harmonious society.
The symposium will also serve as the second advisory board meeting of the research project for the fiscal year of 2011.