Symposium (Part 2)
Satoyama, satochi, and satoumi where humans and nature continuously interact with each other, have been providing numerous benefits to people living in and around such environments. However, various factors such as decreasing and aging population of local communities, advancement of science and technology, and enhanced urbanization are driving changes in the ecosystems in those areas. Also, the areas have considerable risks of being affected by future global changes including climate change, food crisis, and financial crisis.
How much benefits exactly have satoyama, satochi, and satoumi been providing to our society, and to which extent should we intervene in the ecosystems to maximize their benefits without any loss of biodiversity? Furthermore, in our future society possibly confronting new challenges while experiencing changes in both its natural environments and its socio economic status at all levels including the global level, what systems or institutions should we develop and establish for conservation and sustainable use of satoyama, satochi, and satoumi?
The research project of “Ecosystem Services Assessment of Satoyama, Satochi, and Satoumi to Indentify New Commons for Nature-Harmonious Society”, supported by the Ministry of the Environment Government of Japan Environment Research & Technology Development Fund, has been underway since 2009. The objectives of this research are to assess the ecosystem services derived from satoyama, satochi, and satoumi in quantitative and qualitative manners and to develop national scenarios to propose policy options for rebuilding a nature-harmonious society. The symposium will present the interim results of the research to exchange ideas on commons to be established in today’s Japanese society as a new mechanism or a governance system for sustainable use and management of satoyama, satochi, and satoumi. In addition, it will discuss ways forward to conducting policy relevant research and making better impacts on policy making.